Photovoltaic shading, a key lever for reducing energy dependency

Delaunay Ethan

Mobility expert

Table of contents

Cocoparks develops and deploys the benchmark solution for intelligent traffic and parking management


1) What is a photovoltaic shade?

A photovoltaic shade is a structure dedicated to the production of solar energy. It is usually installed in parking lots or similar outdoor areas. It consists of solar panels mounted on an elevated framework. It protects vehicles parked underneath from the elements and direct sunlight, while capturing solar energy to generate electricity.

2) Umbrellas and the Climate and Resilience Act

The law encourages the development of photovoltaic shading as part of the energy transition and the promotion of renewable energies. Since the 2021 Climate and Resilience Act, new parking lots and those undergoing major renovations must cover at least 50% of their surface area with photovoltaic shades or equivalent devices.

This measure aims to maximize the use of available surfaces to produce clean energy, reduce the carbon footprint of urban infrastructures, and encourage self-consumption of energy.

3) How does a shade house work, and how much energy does it produce?

A. How does a shade house work?

A photovoltaic shade captures the sun’s energy using solar panels installed on its raised structure. These panels convert sunlight into electricity by generating a direct current. This direct current is then transformed into alternating current by an inverter, making the electricity usable to power local infrastructures or to be fed into the power grid. An energy management system optimizes the use of the electricity generated, enabling self-consumption or resale of the surplus.

B. What is the power of a shade?

The power of a solar panel refers to the amount of electrical energy it can produce under standardized conditions. In general, a standard solar panel has an output of 300 to 400 Wp (peak watts), which represents the maximum power it can generate under optimal conditions, such as direct exposure to the sun at a specific temperature and irradiance.

C. What is the electrical efficiency of a shade?

The electrical efficiency of a photovoltaic panel refers to the efficiency with which it converts solar energy into electricity. On average, solar panels have an efficiency of 13% to 24%. This means that they convert this proportion of the solar energy received into electricity.

Using the example of a 100-space parking lot with a 200 kWp system and an average efficiency of 17%, the system produces around 297,840 kWh of electricity per year.

D) What is the investment cost for photovoltaic shading systems?

The average cost is between €1,200 and €1,800 per kWp installed.

For a 200 kWp installation, this represents an initial investment of €240,000 to €360,000. Savings on electricity bills and income from the resale of electricity help pay for this investment over a period of 10 to 15 years.

5) What types of players are investing in shading systems?

A) Shade systems for shopping centers

Shopping centers are increasingly adopting solar shading as an innovative and sustainable solution for their parking lots. One striking example isAuchan Béziers, which recently installed solar panels on its parking lots.

B) Shade systems for company parking lots

Company parking lots are also moving towards solar shading as a modern, environmentally-friendly solution. A case in point is Stellantis in Sochaux, where the company recently deployed photovoltaic shading systems on its parking lots.

C) Airport shading systems

Airports are increasingly adopting solar shading as an effective solution for combining protection and environmental sustainability. Photovoltaic shading systems have recently been installed on certain parking lots at Toulon-Hyères airport.

D) Shade systems for university campuses

University campuses are also positioning themselves in favor of solar shading as a smart, environmentally-friendly solution. One example is theUniversity of California at Irvine (UCI) in California, where photovoltaic shading systems have been integrated into campus parking lots.

E) Shades for amusement parks

More and more theme parks are turning to solar shading. It’s also good for energy efficiency. Disneyland Paris has also integrated photovoltaic shading systems into some of its parking lots.

6) Intelligent shading systems

Today, smart shading systems represent a significant step forward in the integration of smart city . In this context, complementary solutions can be juxtaposed on shading systems. Such is the case with Cocoparks’ technology.

Cocoparks has developed a solution made in France that is 20 to 50 times more efficient than traditional systems for smart parking in cities, airports, university campuses and shopping centers.


Observatoire analytique du stationnement

Des data précises, objectives sur le stationnement, enfin !​

Aide au controle

Améliorer l'efficacité du controle avec de la data

Guidage à la place

Apporter un service visible au quotidien pour vos usagers​

L'appli Cocoparks

Le stationnement en temps réel, dans votre poche !​

Collaboration et gestion des arrêtés

Gagnez du temps et en qualité pour transformer la voirie

Optimisation du stationnement

Réorganiser pour améliorer l'attractivité et la sécurité

La tech est au cœur de la solution Cocoparks, par ici pour découvrir notre plateforme technologique


Observatoire analytique du stationnement

Precise, objective parking data, at last!

Control assistance

Improving control efficiency with data

In-place guidance

Provide a visible daily service for your customers

Cocoparks app

Real-time parking in your pocket!

Collaboration and management of orders

Save time and improve quality to transform roadways

Technology platform

Reorganizing for greater attractiveness and safety

Technology is at the heart of the Cocoparks solution. Click here to discover our technological platform.