Guide to parking lot types and construction budgets

Delaunay Ethan

Mobility expert

Table of contents

Cocoparks develops and deploys the benchmark solution for intelligent traffic and parking management


Parking is a crucial issue for urban and commercial centers. It directly influences the accessibility and attractiveness of these areas. Efficient parking management is essential to meet growing parking needs while optimizing the use of available space. So let’s explore the different types of parking lots to better understand their features and uses.

1. What is an overhead or silo parking lot?

Overhead parking lots are often referred to as “silo parking lots”. They differ from surface parking lots. The vertical structure makes efficient use of space by stacking several levels of parking spaces. This maximizes parking capacity in dense urban areas where floor space is limited. Silo parking lots are often equipped with automated vehicle management systems, enabling fast, efficient access to parking spaces. Their reinforced concrete or steel construction makes them robust and durable, offering a reliable solution to the growing demand for parking in city centers and busy shopping areas.

The Espace Anjou gallery in Angers benefits from a silo parking lot that plays an essential role in its appeal and functionality. This vertical parking lot offers visitors a practical solution.

How much does it cost to build a silo?

The cost of building a silo depends on a number of factors, such as the number of storeys, flooring, staircases, foundations and type of facade. In general, the average cost of a silo parking lot is around 11,000 euros per space, rising to 15,000 euros per space depending on equipment and local conditions.

2. What types of surface parking lots are there?

Surface parking lots offer a more traditional alternative to structured parking lots. They are often found in more suburban environments or in areas where space is more abundant.

A) What is an open-air parking lot?

These include open-air parking lots, where vehicles are parked on flat, uncovered areas. These parking lots offer direct access and are often used in areas such as shopping centers, stadiums and parks.

B) What is a shaded parking lot?

As part of the Renewable Energy Acceleration Act. It is now necessary to install photovoltaic shades on parking lots. The measure is designed to promote energy transition. This regulation applies to outdoor parking lots over 1,500 m², with the obligation to cover at least 50% of their surface area with solar panels.

Photovoltaic shading systems are an alternative to surface parking. They provide protection from the elements by partially covering parking spaces with stretched canvas structures or awnings. What’s more, they contribute to the energy independence of the facilities that deploy them. A case in point is the Port Sacré Coeur shopping center on Reunion Island.

C) What is on-street parking?

They are located along roadsides or in urban areas. They provide convenient parking for drivers close to their destination. Although these surface parking lots offer immediate accessibility, they can sometimes be limited in terms of capacity and safety compared with structured parking lots.

D) How much does it cost to build a surface parking lot?

The cost of building a surface parking lot is lower than for other types of parking lot. On average, the cost of creating a surface parking space varies between 2,000 and 5,000 euros excluding taxes. This relatively low cost is mainly due to the absence of complex earthworks and support structures. These parking lots can be supplemented by shaded areas, which will increase the cost of the investment.

3. What types of underground parking lots are there?

Underground parking lots, often referred to as “parking garages”, offer discreet and efficient solutions to the parking challenge in dense urban areas.

A) What is an underground parking lot?

Underground parking lots are often integrated into commercial, residential or institutional buildings. This means they provide convenient vehicle access without taking up surface space. Basement parking lots are generally located beneath buildings, offering direct proximity to occupants or visitors. They also offer protection against the elements, keeping vehicles safe from the elements.

B) What is a basement parking lot?

Cellar parking lots, on the other hand, are often built in deeper underground spaces, offering an additional solution when basement space is limited. These types of parking lots are particularly popular in urban areas where space is at a premium. They offer a practical and secure solution to the parking needs of residents, employees or visitors.

C) How much does it cost to build an underground parking lot?

The cost of building an underground parking lot is influenced by several factors, including excavation depth, geological conditions and safety standards. The cost of building these parking lots is the highest of all. The average cost per parking space is between €20,000 and €30,000, depending on the complexity and specific features of the project.

4. What is a modular parking lot?

It’s a prefabricated parking structure that can be quickly assembled, dismantled and reinstalled as required. These parking lots are made up of standardized modules, offering greater flexibility and adaptability than traditional concrete parking lots.

How much does it cost to build a modular parking lot?

Modular parking lots are generally more economical than traditional buildings. This is largely due to the speed with which they can be installed, and the reduction in labor and material costs. Prices may vary according to project size, complexity and specifications.

5. What is intelligent parking management?

Parking lots represent a major investment. A large, well-organized parking lot is an undeniable advantage. However, maximizing parking lot occupancy and being able to manage and control parking lots is a real trump card. Imagine being able to monitor parking, traffic flows and hazards in real time. Then optimize the available slots, and even regulate access according to need. Smart parking brings total control and increased efficiency to the parking infrastructure.

The Cocoparks solution maximizes the occupancy rate of your parking lots, reducing the time it takes to find a space by 30% to 50%.


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Collaboration et gestion des arrêtés

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Optimisation du stationnement

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La tech est au cœur de la solution Cocoparks, par ici pour découvrir notre plateforme technologique


Observatoire analytique du stationnement

Precise, objective parking data, at last!

Control assistance

Improving control efficiency with data

In-place guidance

Provide a visible daily service for your customers

Cocoparks app

Real-time parking in your pocket!

Collaboration and management of orders

Save time and improve quality to transform roadways

Technology platform

Reorganizing for greater attractiveness and safety

Technology is at the heart of the Cocoparks solution. Click here to discover our technological platform.